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PSYC 100 Final Exam

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PSYC 100 Final Exam

PSYC 100 Final Exam

PSYC100

PSYC 100 Final Exam

Question 1.

The visual receptors in the eyes called ___________ function best in dim lighting and are primarily black-and-white brightness receptors.

  1. rods
  2. cones
  3. fovea
  4. ganglion cells

Question 2.

Making a grocery list and taking notes for a class are both examples of _____________, which refers to encoding that is initiated intentionally and requires conscious attention.

  1. effortful processing
  2. automatic processing
  3. maintenance rehearsal
  4. state-dependent memory

Question 3.

If I present you with the word “BOOK” and ask you if this word contains all lowercase letters, answering this question involves the use of ___________ encoding.

  1. Structural
  2. phonological
  3. episodic
  4. semantic

Question 4.

A person uses the term “HOMES” to remember the names of the Great Lakes (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior). This memory-enhancing technique is best viewed as an example of:

  1. maintenance rehearsal.
  2. the use of hierarchies.
  3. chunking.
  4. an acronym.

Question 5.

In the case of the amnesia patient H.M. presented in the text, it was found that:

  1. his declarative memory and procedural memory were severely impaired.
  2. his procedural memory functioned normally but his declarative memory was severely impaired.
  3. his episodic memory functioned normally but his semantic memory and procedural memory were severely impaired.
  4. his semantic memory functioned normally but his episodic memory and procedural memory were severely impaired.

Question 6.

Fill-in-the-blank questions, true or false questions, and essay questions allow professors to assess your:

  1. procedural memory
  2. episodic memory
  3. implicit memory
  4. semantic memory.

Question 7.

Research has found that self-generating many retrieval cues is a technique that facilitates memory. It is assumed that this type of processing facilitates encoding by:

  1. making the information more declarative.
  2. limiting the impact of retroactive interference.
  3. providing deeper and more elaborative processing.
  4. making use of state-dependent learning effects.

Question 6.

Imagine that you have studied for an exam in a noisy environment and your state of physiological arousal has been low while you were studying. If on the day of the exam you were given the test in a quiet environment and your physiological arousal was high (due to test anxiety), the concept of state-dependent memory would predict that your recall would be __________ and the concept of context-dependent memory would predict that your recall would __________.

  1. worse; also be worse
  2. better; be worse
  3. worse; be better
  4. better; also be better

Question 7.

Retroactive interference is said to occur when ____________ material in memory interferes with the recall of ____________ material.

  1. older; newly acquired
  2. older; other older
  3. newly acquired; other newly acquired
  4. newly acquired; older

Question 8.

___________ amnesia is said to occur when memory loss occurs for events that happened prior to the onset of the amnesia.

  1. Anterograde
  2. Retrograde
  3. Proactive
  4. Prospective

Question 9.

When you enter a nice restaurant, you typically expect that a host or hostess will seat you, that you will receive a menu before you order, and that you will receive a bill at the conclusion of the meal. These thoughts together are best considered to be an example of:

  1. a retrieval cue.
  2. priming.
  3. overlearning.
  4. a schema.