 # MAT 540 Complete Quiz Pack Latest

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## MAT 540 Complete Quiz Pack Latest

MAT 540 Complete Quiz Pack Latest

MAT540

MAT 540 Week 2 Quiz 1 Latest

Question 1

Probabilistic techniques assume that no uncertainty exists in model parameters.

Question 2

In general, an increase in price increases the break even point if all costs are held constant.

Question 3

If variable costs increase, but price and fixed costs are held constant, the break even point will decrease.

Question 4

Fixed cost is the difference between total cost and total variable cost.

Question 5

The events in an experiment are mutually exclusive if only one can occur at a time.

Question 6

A continuous random variable may assume only integer values within a given interval.

Question 7

P(A | B) is the probability of event A, if we already know that event B has occurred.

Question 8

A bed and breakfast breaks even every month if they book 30 rooms over the course of a month. Their fixed cost is \$4200 per month and the revenue they receive from each booked room is \$180. What their variable cost per occupied room?

Question 9

EKA manufacturing company produces Part # 2206 for the aerospace industry. Each unit of part # 2206 is sold for \$15. The unit production cost of part # 2206 is \$3. The fixed monthly cost of operating the production facility is \$3000. How many units of part # 2206 have to be sold in a month to break-even?

Question 10

If the price increases but fixed and variable costs do not change, the break even point

Question 11

The indicator that results in total revenues being equal to total cost is called the

Question 12

The expected value of the standard normal distribution is equal to

Question 13

In a binomial distribution, for each of n trials, the event

Question 14

The area under the normal curve represents probability, and the total area under the curve sums to

Question 15

Administrators at a university are planning to offer a summer seminar. The costs of reserving a room, hiring an instructor, and bringing in the equipment amount to \$3000.

Suppose that it costs \$25 per student for the administrators to provide the course materials. If we know that 20 people will attend, what price should be charged per person to break even? Note: please report the result as a whole number, rounding if necessary and omitting the decimal point.

Question 16

A production run of toothpaste requires a fixed cost of \$100,000. The variable cost per unit is \$3.00. If 50,000 units of toothpaste will be sold during the next month, what sale price must be chosen in order to break even at the end of the month? Note: please report the result as a whole number, rounding if necessary and omitting the decimal point.

Question 17

A production process requires a fixed cost of \$50,000. The variable cost per unit is \$25 and the revenue per unit is projected to be \$45. Find the break-even point.

Question 18

The variance of the standard normal distribution is equal to __________.

Question 19

Employees of a local company are classified according to gender and job type. The following table summarizes the number of people in each job category.

If an employee is selected at random, what is the probability that the employee is female or works as a member of the administration?

Question 20

Wei is considering pursuing an MS in Information Systems degree. She has applied to two different universities. The acceptance rate for applicants with similar qualifications is 20% for University X and 45% for University Y. What is the probability that Wei will be accepted by at least one of the two universities? {Express your answer as a percent. Round (if necessary) to the nearest whole percent and omit the decimal. For instance, 20.1% would be written as 20}

MAT 540 Week 3 Quiz 2 Latest

Question 1

Probability trees are used only to compute conditional probabilities.

Question 2

If two events are not mutually exclusive, then P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B)

Question 3

Seventy two percent of all observations fall within 1 standard deviation of the mean if the data is normally distributed.

Question 4

The equal likelihood criterion assigns a probability of 0.5 to each state of nature, regardless of how many states of nature there are.

Question 5

Both maximum and minimum criteria are optimistic.

Question 6

The maximin approach involves choosing the alternative with the highest or lowest payoff.

Question 7

Using the minimax regret criterion, we first construct a table of regrets. Subsequently, for each possible decision, we look across the states of nature and make a note of the maximum regret possible for that decision. We then pick the decision with the largest maximum regret.

Question 8

Assume that it takes a college student an average of 5 minutes to find a parking spot in the main parking lot. Assume also that this time is normally distributed with a standard deviation of 2 minutes. Find the probability that a randomly selected college student will take between 2 and 6 minutes to find a parking spot in the main parking lot.

Question 9

A professor would like to utilize the normal distribution to assign grades such that 5% of students receive A’s. If the exam average is 62 with a standard deviation of 13, what grade should be the cutoff for an A? (Round your answer.)

Question 10

The chi-square test is a statistical test to see if an observed data fit a _________.

Question 11

Determining the worst payoff for each alternative and choosing the alternative with the best worst is called

Question 12

A group of friends are planning a recreational outing and have constructed the following payoff table to help them decide which activity to engage in. Assume that the payoffs represent their level of enjoyment for each activity under the various weather conditions.

Weather

Cold Warm Rainy

S1 S2 S3

Bike: A1 10 8 6

Hike: A2 14 15 2

Fish: A3 7 8 9

If the group chooses to minimize their maximum regret, what activity will they choose?

Question 13

A business owner is trying to decide whether to buy, rent, or lease office space and has constructed the following payoff table based on whether business is brisk or slow.

Question 14

A group of friends are planning a recreational outing and have constructed the following payoff table to help them decide which activity to engage in. Assume that the payoffs represent their level of enjoyment for each activity under the various weather conditions.

Weather

Cold Warm Rainy

S1 S2 S3

Bike: A1 10 8 6

Hike: A2 14 15 2

Fish: A3 7 8 9

What is the conservative decision for this situation?

Question 15

A brand of television has a lifetime that is normally distributed with a mean of 7 years and a standard deviation of 2.5 years. What is the probability that a randomly chosen TV will last more than 8 years? Note: Write your answers with two places after the decimal, rounding off as appropriate.

Question 16

A life insurance company wants to update its actuarial tables. Assume that the probability distribution of the lifetimes of the participants is approximately a normal distribution with a mean of 71 years and a standard deviation of 3.5 years. What proportion of the plan participants are expected to see their 75th birthday? Note: Write your answers with two places after the decimal, rounding off as appropriate.

Question 17

A business owner is trying to decide whether to buy, rent, or lease office space and has constructed the following payoff table based on whether business is brisk or slow.

If the probability of brisk business is .40, what is the numerical maximum expected value?

Question 18

The quality control manager for ENTA Inc. must decide whether to accept (a1), further analyze (a2) or reject (a3) a lot of incoming material. Assume the following payoff table is available. Historical data indicates that there is 30% chance that the lot is poor quality (s1), 50 % chance that the lot is fair quality (s2) and 20% chance that the lot is good quality (s3).

What is the numerical value of the maximin?

Question 19

Consider the following decision tree.

What is the expected value for the best decision? Round your answer to the nearest whole number.

Question 20

A group of friends are planning a recreational outing and have constructed the following payoff table to help them decide which activity to engage in. Assume that the payoffs represent their level of enjoyment for each activity under the various weather conditions.

If the probabilities of cold weather (S1), warm weather (S2), and rainy weather (S3) are 0.2, 0.4, and 0.4, respectively what is the EVPI for this situation?

MAT 540 Week 7 Quiz 3 Latest

Question 1

The following inequality represents a resource constraint for a maximization problem:

X + Y ? 20

Question 2

In minimization LP problems the feasible region is always below the resource constraints.

Question 3

In a linear programming problem, all model parameters are assumed to be known with certainty.

Question 4

If the objective function is parallel to a constraint, the constraint is infeasible.

Question 5

Graphical solutions to linear programming problems have an infinite number of possible objective function lines.

Question 6

Surplus variables are only associated with minimization problems.

Question 7

A feasible solution violates at least one of the constraints.

Question 8

Cully furniture buys 2 products for resale: big shelves (B) and medium shelves (M). Each big shelf costs \$500 and requires 100 cubic feet of storage space, and each medium shelf costs \$300 and requires 90 cubic feet of storage space.

The company has \$75000 to invest in shelves this week, and the warehouse has 18000 cubic feet available for storage. Profit for each big shelf is \$300 and for each medium shelf is \$150. What is the maximum profit?

Question 9

The following is a graph of a linear programming problem.

The feasible solution space is shaded, and the optimal solution is at the point labeled Z*.

This linear programming problem is a:

Question 10

Which of the following statements is not true?

Question 11

Decision variables

Question 12

The production manager for the Coory soft drink company is considering the production of 2 kinds of soft drinks: regular and diet. Two of her limited resources are production time (8 hours = 480 minutes per day) and syrup (1 of her ingredients) limited to 675 gallons per day. To produce a regular case requires 2 minutes and 5 gallons of syrup, while a diet case needs 4 minutes and 3 gallons of syrup. Profits for regular soft drink are \$3.00 per case and profits for diet soft drink are \$2.00 per case. For the production combination of 135 cases of regular and 0 cases of diet soft drink, which resources will not be completely used?

Question 13

The following is a graph of a linear programming problem. The feasible solution space is shaded, and the optimal solution is at the point labeled Z*.

Which of the following constraints has a surplus greater than 0?

Question 14

The following is a graph of a linear programming problem. The feasible solution space is shaded, and the optimal solution is at the point labeled Z*.

The equation for constraint DH is:

Question 15

Cully furniture buys 2 products for resale: big shelves (B) and medium shelves (M). Each big shelf costs \$500 and requires 100 cubic feet of storage space, and each medium shelf costs \$300 and requires 90 cubic feet of storage space. The company has \$75000 to invest in shelves this week, and the warehouse has 18000 cubic feet available for storage. Profit for each big shelf is \$300 and for each medium shelf is \$150. What is the storage space constraint?

Question 16

The production manager for the Coory soft drink company is considering the production of 2 kinds of soft drinks: regular (R) and diet(D). Two of the limited resources are production time (8 hours = 480 minutes per day) and syrup limited to 675 gallons per day. To produce a regular case requires 2 minutes and 5 gallons of syrup, while a diet case needs 4 minutes and 3 gallons of syrup. Profits for regular soft drink are \$3.00 per case and profits for diet soft drink are \$2.00 per case. What is the time constraint?

Question 17

A graphical representation of a linear program is shown below. The shaded area represents the feasible region, and the dashed line in the middle is the slope of the objective function.

If this is a maximization, which extreme point is the optimal solution?

Question 18

Max Z = \$3x + \$9y

Subject to: 20x + 32y ? 1600

4x + 2y ? 240

y ? 40

x, y ? 0

At the optimal solution, what is the amount of slack associated with the second constraint?

Question 19

Consider the following minimization problem:

Min z = x1 + 2×2

s.t. x1 + x2 ? 300

2×1 + x2 ? 400

2×1 + 5×2 ? 750

x1, x2 ? 0

Find the optimal solution. What is the value of the objective function at the optimal solution? Note: The answer will be an integer. Please give your answer as an integer without any decimal point. For example, 25.0 (twenty five) would be written 25

Question 20

A graphical representation of a linear program is shown below. The shaded area represents the feasible region, and the dashed line in the middle is the slope of the objective function.

What would be the new slope of the objective function if multiple optimal solutions occurred along line segment AB? Write your answer in decimal notation.

MAT 540 Week 9 Quiz 4 Latest

Question 1

When using a linear programming model to solve the “diet” problem, the objective is generally to maximize profit.

Question 2

Fractional relationships between variables are permitted in the standard form of a linear program.

Question 3

A constraint for a linear programming problem can never have a zero as its right-hand-side value.

Question 4

A systematic approach to model formulation is to first construct the objective function before determining the decision variables.

Question 5

In formulating a typical diet problem using a linear programming model, we would expect most of the constraints to be related to calories.

Question 6

In a balanced transportation model, supply equals demand such that all constraints can be treated as equalities.

Question 7

The following types of constraints are ones that might be found in linear programming formulations:

?

=

>

Question 8

Small motors for garden equipment is produced at 4 manufacturing facilities and needs to be shipped to 3 plants that produce different garden items (lawn mowers, rototillers, leaf blowers). The company wants to minimize the cost of transporting items between the facilities, taking into account the demand at the 3 different plants, and the supply at each manufacturing site. The table below shows the cost to ship one unit between each manufacturing facility and each plant, as well as the demand at each plant and the supply at each manufacturing facility.

What is the demand constraint for plant B?

Question 9

The production manager for the Softy soft drink company is considering the production of 2 kinds of soft drinks: regular and diet. Two of her resources are constraint production time (8 hours = 480 minutes per day) and syrup (1 of her ingredient) limited to 675 gallons per day. To produce a regular case requires 2 minutes and 5 gallons of syrup, while a diet case needs 4 minutes and 3 gallons of syrup. Profits for regular soft drink are \$3.00 per case and profits for diet soft drink are \$2.00 per case. What is the optimal daily profit?

Question 10

The owner of Black Angus Ranch is trying to determine the correct mix of two types of beef feed, A and B which cost 50 cents and 75 cents per pound, respectively. Five essential ingredients are contained in the feed, shown in the table below. The table also shows the minimum daily requirements of each ingredient.

Ingredient

Percent per pound in Feed A

Percent per pound in Feed B

Minimum daily requirement (pounds)

1

20

24

30

2

30

10

50

3

0

30

20

4

24

15

60

5

10

20

40

The constraint for ingredient 3 is:

Question 11

In a portfolio problem, X1, X2, and X3 represent the number of shares purchased of stocks 1, 2, an 3 which have selling prices of \$15, \$47.25, and \$110, respectively. The investor has up to \$50,000 to invest. The expected returns on investment of the three stocks are 6%, 8%, and 11%. An appropriate objective function is

Question 12

If Xij = the production of product i in period j, write an expression to indicate that the limit on production of the company’s 3 products in period 2 is equal to 400.

Question 13

The production manager for the Softy soft drink company is considering the production of 2 kinds of soft drinks: regular and diet. Two of her resources are production time (8 hours = 480 minutes per day) and syrup (1 of the ingredients) limited to 675 gallons per day. To produce a regular case requires 2 minutes and 5 gallons of syrup, while a diet case needs 4 minutes and 3 gallons of syrup. Profits for regular soft drink are \$3.00 per case and profits for diet soft drink are \$2.00 per case. What is the time constraint?

Question 14

A croissant shop produces 2 products: bear claws (B) and almond filled croissants (C). Each bear claw requires 6 ounces of flour, 1 ounce of yeast, and 2 TS of almond paste. An almond filled croissant requires 3 ounces of flour, 1 ounce of yeast, and 4 TS of almond paste. The company has 6600 ounces of flour, 1400 ounces of yeast, and 4800 TS of almond paste available for today’s production run. Bear claw profits are 20 cents each, and almond filled croissant profits are 30 cents each.

What is the optimal daily profit?

Question 15

The owner of Chips etc. produces 2 kinds of chips: Lime (L) and Vinegar (V). He has a limited amount of the 3 ingredients used to produce these chips available for his next production run: 4800 ounces of salt, 9600 ounces of flour, and 2000 ounces of herbs. A bag of Lime chips requires 2 ounces of salt, 6 ounces of flour, and 1 ounce of herbs to produce; while a bag of Vinegar chips requires 3 ounces of salt, 8 ounces of flour, and 2 ounces of herbs. Profits for a bag of Lime chips are \$0.40, and for a bag of Vinegar chips \$0.50.

What is the constraint for salt?

Question 16

A systematic approach to model formulation is to first

Question 17

Assume that x2, x7 and x8 are the dollars invested in three different common stocks from New York stock exchange. In order to diversify the investments, the investing company requires that no more than 60% of the dollars invested can be in “stock two”. The constraint for this requirement can be written as:

Question 18

Balanced transportation problems have the following type of constraints:

Question 19

Quickbrush Paint Company makes a profit of \$2 per gallon on its oil-base paint and \$3 per gallon on its water-base paint. Both paints contain two ingredients, A and B. The oil-base paint contains 90 percent A and 10 percent B, whereas the water-base paint contains 30 percent A and 70 percent B. Quickbrush currently has 10,000 gallons of ingredient A and 5,000 gallons of ingredient B in inventory and cannot obtain more at this time. The company wishes to use linear programming to determine the appropriate mix of oil-base and water-base paint to produce to maximize its total profit. How many gallons of water based paint should the Quickbrush make? Note: Please express your answer as a whole number, rounding the nearest whole number, if appropriate.

Question 20

Kitty Kennels provides overnight lodging for a variety of pets. An attractive feature is the quality of care the pets receive, including well balanced nutrition. The kennel’s cat food is made by mixing two types of cat food to obtain the “nutritionally balanced cat diet.” The data for the two cat foods are as follows:

Kitty Kennels wants to be sure that the cats receive at least 5 ounces of protein and at least 3 ounces of fat per day. What is the cost of this plan? Express your answer with two places to the right of the decimal point. For instance, \$9.32 (nine dollars and thirty-two cents) would be written as 9.32

MAT 540 Week 10 Quiz 5 Latest

Question 1

The solution to the LP relaxation of a maximization integer linear program provides an upper bound for the value of the objective function.

Question 2

If exactly 3 projects are to be selected from a set of 5 projects, this would be written as 3 separate constraints in an integer program.

Question 3

In a 0-1 integer programming problem involving a capital budgeting application (where xj = 1, if project j is selected, xj = 0, otherwise) the constraint x1 – x2 ? 0 implies that if project 2 is selected, project 1 can not be selected.

Question 4

If we are solving a 0-1 integer programming problem with three decision variables, the constraint x1 + x2 ? 1 is a mutually exclusive constraint.

Question 5

A conditional constraint specifies the conditions under which variables are integers or real variables.

Question 6

Rounding non-integer solution values up to the nearest integer value will result in an infeasible solution to an integer linear programming problem.

Question 7

Assume that we are using 0-1 integer programming model to solve a capital budgeting problem and xj = 1 if project j is selected and xj = 0, otherwise.

The constraint (x1 + x2 + x3 + x4 ? 2) means that __________ out of the 4 projects must be selected.

Question 8

The Wiethoff Company has a contract to produce 10000 garden hoses for a customer. Wiethoff has 4 different machines that can produce this kind of hose. Because these machines are from different manufacturers and use differing technologies, their specifications are not the same.

Write a constraint to ensure that if machine 4 is used, machine 1 will not be used.

Question 9

You have been asked to select at least 3 out of 7 possible sites for oil exploration. Designate each site as S1, S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, and S7. The restrictions are:

Restriction 1. Evaluating sites S1 and S3 will prevent you from exploring site S7.

Restriction 2. Evaluating sites S2 or S4 will prevent you from assessing site S5.

Restriction 3. Of all the sites, at least 3 should be assessed.

Assuming that Si is a binary variable, write the constraint(s) for the second restriction

Question 10

Binary variables are

Question 11

You have been asked to select at least 3 out of 7 possible sites for oil exploration. Designate each site as S1, S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, and S7.

The restrictions are:

Restriction 1. Evaluating sites S1 and S3 will prevent you from exploring site S7.

Restriction 2. Evaluating sites S2 or S4 will prevent you from assessing site S5.

Restriction 3. Of all the sites, at least 3 should be assessed.

Assuming that Si is a binary variable, the constraint for the first restriction is

Question 12

The Wiethoff Company has a contract to produce 10000 garden hoses for a customer. Wiethoff has 4 different machines that can produce this kind of hose. Because these machines are from different manufacturers and use differing technologies, their specifications are not the same.

Write the constraint that indicates they can purchase no more than 3 machines.

Question 13

In a 0-1 integer programming model, if the constraint x1-x2 = 0, it means when project 1 is selected, project 2 __________ be selected.

Question 14

In a 0-1 integer programming model, if the constraint x1-x2 ? 0, it means when project 2 is selected, project 1 __________ be selected.

Question 15

Max Z = 5×1 + 6×2

Subject to: 17×1 + 8×2 ? 136

3×1 + 4×2 ? 36

x1, x2 ? 0 and integer

What is the optimal solution?

Question 16

If we are solving a 0-1 integer programming problem, the constraint x1 = x2 is a __________ constraint.

Question 17

In a __________ integer model, some solution values for decision variables are integers and others can be non-integer.

Question 18

If we are solving a 0-1 integer programming problem, the constraint x1 + x2 = 1 is a __________ constraint.

Question 19

Max Z = 3×1 + 5×2

Subject to: 7×1 + 12×2 ? 136

3×1 + 5×2 ? 36

x1, x2 ? 0 and integer

Find the optimal solution. What is the value of the objective function at the optimal solution. Note: The answer will be an integer. Please give your answer as an integer without any decimal point. For example, 25.0 (twenty-five) would be written 25

Question 20

Consider the following integer linear programming problem

Max Z = 3×1 + 2×2

Subject to: 3×1 + 5×2 ? 30

5×1 + 2×2 ? 28

x1 ? 8

x1 ,x2 ? 0 and integer

Find the optimal solution. What is the value of the objective function at the optimal solution. Note: The answer will be an integer. Please give your answer as an integer without any decimal point. For example, 25.0 (twenty-five) would be written 25